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Why did Britain finally give independence to India?

Why did Britain finally give independence to India?

During World War Two, the British had mobilised India’s resources for their imperial war effort. Nonetheless, in an earlier bid to win Congress support, Britain had promised to give India full independence once the war was over. Britain hoped that a self-governing India would remain part of the imperial defence.

Why did Great Britain wanted to control India?

Tap to read full story Britain came to India in 1858 for their profitable resources that the British Empire wanted to make theirs. Leaving in 1947 just to leave before a civil war broke out and leaving India in terrible shape taking and using whatever resources they wanted in their rule in India.

When did India finally become free from the British rule?

15 August 1947
This was officially declared on 15 August 1947, making this India’s 72nd Independence Day. Not only did India become independent on this day, but the country was divided into India and Pakistan.

What did India have that the British wanted?

First, India supplied the British Empire with profitable natural resources such as spices, tea, and cotton. These items could be acquired in India and sold in England or her other colonies at huge profits. Second, Great Britain used India as a market for manufactured goods.

Why was the British willing to give India self rule?

In the years leading up to the Simla Conference in 1945, Britain was willing to provide India with self-rule, somewhat on par with Canada/Australia. However, that was not acceptable to the Indians and riots marred the last days of the Raj.

Why did the British want to leave India?

However, that was not acceptable to the Indians and riots marred the last days of the Raj. British rule over Indians was always dependent on the acceptance of Indian elites. There was no way a tiny country sitting 8,000 km away could rule India.

How did the Indian independence movement affect British rule?

The Indian independence movement was very strong by this time, and British rule was widely resented. Some 40,000 Indian POWs were recruited by the Japanese to fight against the Allies in exchange for the hope of Indian independence. 11  Most Indians, however, remained loyal. Indian troops fought in Burma, North Africa, Italy, and elsewhere.

How did the British divide India during World War 1?

The British also created “divide and rule” policies, pitting Hindu and Muslim Indians against one another. In 1905, the colonial government divided Bengal into Hindu and Muslim sections; this division was revoked after strong protests. Britain also encouraged the formation of the Muslim League of India in 1907. British India During World War I