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Kollam Port was founded by Mar Sabor at Thangasseri in 825 as an alternative to reopening the inland Seaport of Kore-ke-ni Kollam near Backare (Thevalakara), which was also known as Nelcynda and Tyndis to the Romans and Greeks and as Thondi to the Tamils.
King Udaya Marthanda Varma
It was the capital of the powerful kingdom called ‘Venad’ which came into prominence in the 9th century A.D. According to some historians, the Malayalam era called the ‘Kollam era’ was established by King Udaya Marthanda Varma, King of Kollam in 825 AD.
July 1, 1949
Kollam district was initially formed on July 1, 1949. On November 1, 1956, it became a district of newly formed Kerala State. In 1957, Cherthala, Ambalapuzha, Mavelikkara, Karthikappally, Chengannur and Thiruvalla taluks of Kollam district were carved out to form Alappuzha district.
The head quarters of the district administration is centred at Kollam City, the district’s capital. Administratively, the district is composed of two revenue divisions viz. Kollam and Punalur with three taluks each under them.
Kollam: What to See in The Cashew Capital of The World | India.com.
Quilon Desinganadu Coulão
|Kollam Quilon Desinganadu Coulão|
|Former Name||Quilon, Coulão|
|Founded by||Rama Varma Kulashekhara|
It may be observed that Maharashtra (1.86 lakh ha) was the leading producer of cashew nut followed by Andhra Pradesh (1.85 lakh ha), Odissa (1.82 lakh ha), Karnataka (1.26 lakh ha) and Kerala (0.87 lakh ha). India produces 7.79 lakh MT of cashew nut spread across more than 6 states.
Of the ten ECOWAS countries, Nigeria is the biggest producers of cashew nuts. The world’s biggest producer of cashew nuts, however, is Viet Nam. In 2010 Viet Nam produced 958,000 tons of cashew nuts, while its nearest ‘rival’, India, produced 695,000 tons. Nigeria came third with a production of 580,761 tons.
Kollam (IPA: [koɭɭəm]) pronunciation also known by its former name Quilon (Coulão) pronunciation and Desinganadu, is an old seaport and city on the Laccadive Sea coast of the Indian state of Kerala. The city is on the banks Ashtamudi Lake.
Kollam is an ancient trading town – trading with Romans, Chinese, Arabs and other Orientals – mentioned in historical citations dating back to Biblical times and the reign of Solomon, connecting with Red Sea ports of the Arabian Sea (supported by a find of ancient Roman coins).
Kollam continues to be a major business and commercial centre in the Southern Kerala. In 825 CE, the Malayalam calendar, or Kollavarsham, was created in Kollam at meetings held in the city. The present Malayalam calendar is said to have begun with the re-founding of the town, which was rebuilt after its destruction by a fire.
Kollam is the fourth largest city in Kerala and the fifth largest in terms of corporation area. It is known for cashew processing and coir manufacturing. Ashtamudi Lake is considered the southern gateway to the backwaters of Kerala and is a prominent tourist destination at Kollam.