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William, duke of Normandy
Norman Conquest, the military conquest of England by William, duke of Normandy, primarily effected by his decisive victory at the Battle of Hastings (October 14, 1066) and resulting ultimately in profound political, administrative, and social changes in the British Isles.
Why did William the Conqueror invade England? William laid claim to the English throne after Edward died. He was a distant cousin of Edward and said that Edward had promised him the throne when visiting France in 1051. William invaded England to become King and claim the throne from Harold.
At the Battle of Hastings on October 14, 1066, William, duke of Normandy, defeated the forces of Harold II, king of England, and then was himself crowned king as William I, leading to profound political, administrative, and social changes in the British Isles as result of the Norman Conquest.
William I (c. 1028 – 9 September 1087), usually known as William the Conqueror and sometimes William the Bastard, was the first Norman monarch of England, reigning from 1066 until his death in 1087. He was a descendant of Rollo and was Duke of Normandy from 1035 onward.
William the Conqueror was a descendant of the Viking chieftain Rollo, whose Norse origins are unknown, but his name suggests that he was either Norwegian or Danish. He is recorded among the Vikings that besieged Paris in 885—886 AD, and later became the first ruler of Normandy, a region in northern France.
Henry VI, son of Henry V, became king of both England and France and was recognized only by the English and Burgundians until 1435 as King Henry II of France. He was crowned King of France on 16 December 1431.
The last king of England (of Great Britain, actually, of which England was a part) who spoke French as his first language was George II.
Next, Henry V turned his eyes toward France. British Library/Wikimedia Commons The dauphin Louis of France, son of King Charles VI. According to Shakespeare, the new English king was convinced by two bishops that he was the rightful king of France due to his ancestry.
His own brother’s nickname, however, was French: Cœur de Lion. Their father, Henri II, thought of himself as the king of both England and France at times. Who was the first king of England to speak English as a first language, and what brought about this change in the ruling house’s philosophy?