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The factors that have affected physical and economic access to food in Pakistan include inadequacy of infrastructure, lack of food transport and storage facilities, political and social instability, and prevalence of poverty.
In Pakistan, crop productivity can be enhanced significantly by improving availability of good quality agriculture inputs like seed, fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides, water and their efficient, judicious and balanced use.
Pakistan is presently self-sufficient in major staples – ranked at 8th in producing wheat, 10th in rice, 5th in sugarcane, and 4th in milk production. Despite that, only 63.1 percent of the country’s households are “food secure”, according to the Ministry of Health and Unicef’s National Nutritional Survey 2018.
This means that food resources are transported to be sold from areas which need them, especially meat and fish. New pests and pathogens that attack crops and farm animals. Environmental changes such as global warming .
Recently, a new agricultural growth strategy was unveiled to the Pakistan cabinet. If approved, the seven-year plan aims for an agricultural growth rate of 7.5 per cent per annum by 2027. With a view to reducing poverty and generating inclusive growth, one can say that a seed has been planted with this initiative.
Over the years, Pakistan has become a food surplus country and a major producer of wheat which it distributes to needy populations through various mechanisms, including the World Food Programme (WFP). However, the national nutrition survey 2018 showed that 36.9 percent of the population faces food insecurity.
Tarar believes that education and employment are two of the keys to reducing the population in Pakistan. Improvements in these two areas would help reduce the adverse effects on the economy, effects which appear to be related to food security and malnutrition.
Improvements in these two areas would help reduce the adverse effects on the economy, effects which appear to be related to food security and malnutrition. Despite the challenges, Pakistan’s leaders are convinced that the country can become a vibrant democracy with a growing economy and a healthy and prosperous population.
Pakistan is one of the 32 nations that is predicted to have severe food crises and subsequent social unrest if domestic policies are not altered. There are early signs it will exacerbate malnutrition rates. In the coming months many poorer populations will be forced to switch to cheaper, less nutritional food.
According to the National Nutrition Survey, stunting (low weight for age), wasting (low weight for age) and micronutrient deficiencies are all major problems in Pakistan. Another major obstacle in addressing the population problem in Pakistan is poor demographic data.