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The History of India begins with the birth of the Indus Valley Civilization, more precisely known as Harappan Civilization. It flourished around 2,500 BC, in the western part of South Asia, what today is Pakistan and Western India.
Ancient India is the Indian subcontinent from prehistoric times to the start of Medieval India, which is typically dated (when the term is still used) to the end of the Gupta Empire. Ancient India was composed of the modern-day countries of Afghanistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Myanmar, India, Nepal and Pakistan.
Ancient India was home to two of the world’s first cities, Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro. These cities had stone buildings, multiply stories, and sewage systems! India was one of the very first civilizations to use algebra and calculus. The number zero was invented in Ancient India by a man named Aryabhatta.
A large number of tanks were cut in the rocks to provide drinking water to tradesmen who used to travel along this ancient trade route. Each fort in the area had its own water harvesting and storage system in the form of rock-cut cisterns, ponds, tanks and wells that are still in use today.
Ancient Indian civilization developed in the area that now corresponds to Pakistan and western India. This territory is bordered to the north by the famous Himalayan mountain range (the highest on the planet), and in the south by the peninsula formed by the Deccan Plateau.
232 BCE: Asoka dies; shortly after, the decline of the Mauryan empire sets in Urban civilization first appeared in ancient India with the Indus Valley civilization in the early third millennium BCE, in what is today Pakistan and north-west India.
Ancient India 1 Definition. India is a country in South Asia whose name comes from the Indus River. The name ‘Bharata’ is used as a… 2 Bibliography. We want people all over the world to learn about history. Help us and translate this definition into… 3 Recommended Books. 4 Cite This Work. More …
Urban civilization first appeared in ancient India with the Indus Valley civilization in the early third millennium BCE, in what is today Pakistan and north-west India. This was contemporary with other early civilizations of the ancient world, in Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt, and is one of the earliest civilizations in world history.