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Where is West Wind Drift?

Where is West Wind Drift?

a current in the southern hemisphere moving from west to east at approximately 40°-55°S, caused by prevailing western winds. It encircles the earth, crossing the Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific oceans; the cold Bengal, West Australian, and Peru currents branch off from it in the oceans.

Between what latitudes is the West Wind Drift found?

The West Wind Drift flows east toward South America south of latitude 40° S, and while most of it continues through the Drake Passage around the southern tip of South America to the Atlantic, a shallow stream turns north to parallel the continent as far as latitude 4° S, where it turns west to join the Pacific South …

Is the West Wind Drift warm or cold?

f) Major currents of the Indian Ocean are West Australian (cold), and Agulhas Current (warm). g) The chief current surrounding Antarctica is the West Wind Drift (cold).

Is the West Wind Drift current fast or slow?

An alternative name for the ACC is the West Wind Drift. The current creates the Ross and Weddell gyres. Despite its relatively slow eastward flow of less than 20 cm s-1 in regions between the fronts, the ACC transports more water than any other current (Klinck and Nowlin, 2001).

Why is the West Wind Drift unique?

Sailors have been using the Drifts for years, mostly because it was the only way to get all around the world by sailing. Although the westerly winds make it difficult to travel from east to west, they speed up sailing for traveling from west to east.

What is the fastest ocean current?

the Gulf Stream
Off the Atlantic seaboard of the United States, the Gulf Stream flows at a rate nearly 300 times faster than the typical flow of the Amazon River. The velocity of the current is fastest near the surface, with the maximum speed typically about 5.6 miles per hour (nine kilometers per hour).

What is the speed of West Wind Drift?

West Wind Drift. a current in the southern hemisphere moving from west to east at approximately 40°-55°S, caused by prevailing western winds. It encircles the earth, crossing the Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific oceans; the cold Bengal, West Australian, and Peru currents branch off from it in the oceans. Its speed is 1-2 km per hr.

Why is west wind drift important to Antarctica?

Because it is close to Antarctica, water freezes and leaves behind salt, making the water colder and denser, which makes the water sink deeper in the ocean. Because it circles the Antarctic, it keeps warm waters away, allowing it to maintain its huge ice sheets. What significance does it hold for us?

What kind of current moves from west to East?

West Wind Drift. a current in the southern hemisphere moving from west to east at approximately 40°-55°S, caused by prevailing western winds. It encircles the earth, crossing the Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific oceans; the cold Bengal, West Australian, and Peru currents branch off from it in the oceans.

How does the westerly wind affect the ocean?

It is created by prevailing westerly winds. The current connects the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian ocean basins and transports more water than any other current in the world. Because it is close to Antarctica, water freezes and leaves behind salt, making the water colder and denser, which makes the water sink deeper in the ocean.