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From the 3rd century AD, Germanic peoples moving out of Magna Germania began encroaching upon and occupying parts of Roman Germania. This contributed to the fall of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, after which territories of Roman Germania were captured and settled by migrating Germanic peoples.
The Holy Roman Empire was located in western and central Europe and included parts of what is now France, Germany, and Italy.
The Germanic leader Arminius organized a series of ambushes on a column of three Roman legions headed by Publius Quinctilius Varus. Roman sources indicate that over the course of four days Arminius destroyed all three legions and ultimately prevented Rome from subjugating Germania east of the Rhine River.
In an attempt to escape from the Huns, the Germans crossed into Roman territory. The Romans attempted to drive them back but in AD 378 the Ostrogoths and Visigoths were able to defeat them at Adrianople. The Germans became angry when the Romans passed a law in AD 370 prohibiting marriage between Romans and themselves.
Arminius’ victory against the Roman legions in the Teutoburg Forest had a far-reaching effect on the subsequent history of both the ancient Germanic peoples and on the Roman Empire. Numerous modern historians have regarded Arminius’ victory as “Rome’s greatest defeat” and one of the most decisive battles in history.
The Romans were able to “conquer” large parts of Germania, briefly. They were unable to HOLD it for any length of time. The reason stemmed from the region’s “backwardness.” There was no central government or central power through which the Romans could operate. There were no cities (except the ones the Romans built).
So the Romans were there around 1.500 years before there were Vikings. The Viking age lasted four hundred years from 700 to 1100AD, and the Roman era lasted for one to two thousand years from 550BC to 450 and to 1450AD.
In 1943, Germany occupied the city of Rome, Italy after they joined the Allies. While the occupation lasted only 9 months, the devastation that came along with it was extreme. Thousands of civilians died, and those who survived were emotionally scarred from fearing for their lives.
The Germanic people occupied large forests and poor farming land in Scandinavia. Although they were good hunters they found it difficult to supply enough food for their growing population. Large numbers were forced to migrate south, and during the second century AD they began to settle outside the northern borders of the Roman Empire.
Chronology of warfare between the Romans and Germanic tribes. This is a chronology of warfare between the Romans and various Germanic tribes between 113 BC and 596 AD. The nature of these wars varied through time between Roman conquest, Germanic uprisings and later Germanic invasions in the Roman Empire that started in the late 2nd century BC.
The Romans never seriously planned to conquer Germany, in their eyes this region of the world never filled the criteria to justify the military expenses of a conquest. Here we must understand the economices of the Empire. The Empire needed an army, and in the eyes of Romans, soldiers had to be Roman.