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|Travellers||Reign of Rulers|
|Ptolemy Period: 130 A.D. Who: From Greece and Geographer.||–|
|Fa-Hien Period: (405-411 A.D.) Who: Chinese Buddhist Monk||Came to India in the reign of Chandragupta II Vikramaditya.|
They knew western India very well, especially the coast. Roman Egyptians traded with India regularly and they accumulated a great deal of knowledge of the regions that look westward, as well as a certain amount of knowledge of northern India deriving mainly from the age of Alexander the Great and his successors.
Alexander and his Greek army invaded ancient India in 326 BC. Many of his generals wrote about the astonishing things they saw in ancient India. Here are some of the really interesting tales.
A. Italian traveler Marco Polo (1254-1324) is called as Prince of medieval Travellers. He was a European traveler. He has recorded all his travel experiences in India, observations related to geography & economic history of India in the book named The Book of Ser Marco Polo, the Venetian.
traveller Hiuen Tsang
During Emperor Harsha’s time, the Chinese traveller Hiuen Tsang visited India. He traveled to Afghanistan from India to other locations in Central Asia. Complete answer: Hiuen Tsang’s visit to India was mainly aimed at acquiring awareness of Buddhism and collecting its religious texts.
Megasthanese was the first important foreign traveller to reach India. He came here in about 305 BC, as a representative to Selucus, the then army general of Alexander the Great. He lived for many days at Pataliputra and visited various parts of India. He observed that the climate in India was good and the soil was very fertile.
Fa-Hien (China) (405-411 AD) was the first Chinese pilgrim to visit India. He was a Foreign Envoy who visited India at the time of Chandragupta II. He visited Lumbini, the Buddha’s birth place to collect Buddhist texts and relics.
We have great foreign envoys like Fa-Hien, Hiuen-Tsang, I-tsing, Al-Masudi, Marco Polo and Dominigo Paes etc. These are the great travelers and foreign envoys visited India in their time respectively. Here we have listed the foreign envoys or travelers who visited ancient India. We hope this topic will help you in competitive exams.
Captain Hawkins (English traveller) 17. William Fisch (English traveller) 18. John Jurdan (Portuguese) 19. Nicholos Doughton (English Navy Officer) 20. Nicholos Withurgton (English traveller) 21. Thomas Coryat (English traveller) 22. Sir Thomas Roe (English Ambassador) 23. Pal Canning (English traveller)