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What were the revolutions of the Enlightenment?

What were the revolutions of the Enlightenment?

The ideas of the Enlightenment undermined the authority of the monarchy and the Catholic Church and paved the way for the political revolutions of the 18th and 19th centuries. A variety of 19th-century movements, including liberalism, communism, and neoclassicism, trace their intellectual heritage to the Enlightenment.

Did Enlightenment influence world revolutions?

The Enlightenment produced numerous books, essays, inventions, scientific discoveries, laws, wars and revolutions. The American and French Revolutions were directly inspired by Enlightenment ideals and respectively marked the peak of its influence and the beginning of its decline.

How did the Enlightenment influence the industrial revolution?

Enlightenment philosophy then intensified the Industrial Revolution by changing the British political system and guiding its deliberations. It was responsible, at least in part, for bringing mercantilism to an end and replacing it with a more open and competitive economic system.

What is the Enlightenment and how did it influence the American Revolution?

The Enlightenment ideas were the main influences for American Colonies to become their own nation. Some of the leaders of the American Revolution were influenced by Enlightenment ideas which are, freedom of speech, equality, freedom of press, and religious tolerance.

What caused the British to heavily tax the colonists?

Britain also needed money to pay for its war debts. The King and Parliament believed they had the right to tax the colonies. They decided to require several kinds of taxes from the colonists to help pay for the French and Indian War. They protested, saying that these taxes violated their rights as British citizens.

How did the ideas of the enlightenment influence the French Revolution?

The ideas of the Enlightenment played a major role in inspiring the French Revolution, which began in 1789 and emphasized the rights of the common men, as opposed to the exclusive rights of the elites.

Who was a major cause of the Age of Enlightenment?

Theories by thinkers such as Copernicus and Galileo caused traditional world views to be shaken. Nice work! You just studied 9 terms! Now up your study game with Learn mode. 1. A major cause of the Enlightenment was (5 points) 2. What role did the Scientific Revolution play in bringing about the Enlightenment? (5 points)

What was the role of government in the Enlightenment?

In their view, the role of governments was to guard the nation, protect the people and secure their individual rights. English political philosopher Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679) was in favour of a strong government and absolutist monarchy. This type of government, Hobbes believed, was necessary to protect its citizens.

Who are the leaders of the Enlightenment movement?

Leaders such as Thomas Jefferson and Benjamin Franklin were considered paragons of Enlightenment thought, and the freedom-loving religious rationalism of their ideas helped to lay the foundations of the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution of the United States. The Enlightenment also bred religious controversy.