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What were the major causes of the breakup of the British empire?

What were the major causes of the breakup of the British empire?

The Empire was overstretched and – combined with growing unrest in various colonies – this led to the swift and decisive fall of many of Britain’s key assets, some diplomatically, some violently. In 1947 India became independent following a nonviolent civil-disobedience campaign spearheaded by Mahatma Gandhi.

What event or events mainly caused the fall of the British empire?

World War I and World War II caused the downfall because the British were fighting in the war they cannot control its colonies.

Who destroyed the British empire?

By 1945, however, colonies were an expensive liability for Clement Attlee’s newly elected Labour government. The United States’ rising global influence and its opposition to imperialism made colonialism less politically viable, while Japan’s wartime victories had destroyed Britain’s imperial prestige.

When did the British empire start and end?

Others say the start date should be the 1490s, while other historians date the empire from the early 1600s. The end of the empire came in the years after World War 2, with most of Britain’s colonies ruling themselves independently by the late 1960s.

How did British Empire rule the world?

At its height it was the largest empire in history and, for over a century, was the foremost global power. By 1913 the British Empire held sway over 412 million people, 23 per cent of the world population at the time, and by 1920 it covered 35,500,000 km2 (13,700,000 sq mi), 24 percent of the Earth’s total land area.

How long did England rule the world?

400 years
Spanning over 400 years, historians continue to research and discover new things about the British Empire. And today more than ever, people are recognising, questioning and understanding the full story behind this important part of world history.

How did the fall of the British Empire happen?

The fall of the British Empire is not something that happened overnight. Where the ancient empire of Rome or Soviet Russia fell suddenly because of revolution or foreign invasion, the fall of the British Empire was the result of the colonies they controlled becoming nation states.

How did World War 2 affect the British Empire?

Many parts of the empire contributed troops and resources to the war effort and took a growing independent view. Both wars left Britain weakened and less interested in its empire. Although Great Britain emerged as one of the victors of World War II, it had been economically devastated by the conflict.

When did the British Empire leave the Middle East?

“Less than a year later, communist guerrillas launched a violent campaign aimed at forcing Britain from Malaya,” the Imperial War Museum writes. “In the Middle East, Britain hurriedly abandoned Palestine in 1948. Ghana became Britain’s first African colony to reach independence in 1957.

When did most of the British Empire become independent?

By the 1960s most of Britain’s territories had become independent countries. These areas of the empire now ruled themselves but most kept their ties to Britain as members of the Commonwealth.