What was the purpose of the one-child policy?
one-child policy, official program initiated in the late 1970s and early ’80s by the central government of China, the purpose of which was to limit the great majority of family units in the country to one child each. The rationale for implementing the policy was to reduce the growth rate of China’s enormous population.
What does the one-child policy believe?
The one child policy significantly curbed population growth, though there is no consensus on the magnitude. Under the policy, households tried to have additional children without breaking the law; some unintended consequences include higher reported rates of twin births and more Han-minority marriages.
What does the one child policy in China mean?
The one-child policy is the population control policy of the People’s Republic of China. It restricts urban couples to only one child, while allowing additional children in several cases, including twins, rural couples, ethnic minorities, and couples who are both only children themselves.
What was the result of the one child policy?
At times, the government employed more draconian measures, including forced abortions and sterilizations. The one-child policy was officially discontinued in 2015 and the government attempted to replace it with a two-child policy. It has been estimated that since 1979, the law has prevented between 200 and 400 million births.
When did the one child policy start in Canada?
In 1979 demand grew for making the limit one child per family. However, that stricter requirement was then applied unevenly across the country among the provinces, and by 1980 the central government sought to standardize the one-child policy nationwide.
Are there any exceptions to the one child policy?
Sichuan province allowed exemptions for couples of certain backgrounds. By one estimate there were at least 22 ways in which parents could qualify for exceptions to the law towards the end of the one-child policy’s existence.