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What was the Hagia Sophia before the Ottoman Empire?

What was the Hagia Sophia before the Ottoman Empire?

The structure originally erected on the site of the Hagia Sophia was a Christian cathedral called the Megale Ekklesia, which was commissioned by the first Christian Roman emperor, Constantine I. Prior to that, the site had been home to a pagan temple.

Why Hagia Sophia was converted into a museum?

Ataturk’s decision to convert St Sophia into a museum made it possible for archaeologists and art experts to uncover some of the greatest masterpieces of Byzantine mosaic work which had been buried for almost half a millennium behind plaster.

What did Hagia Sophia do turkey?

Later that day, Turkish president Recep Tayyip Erdoğan signed a presidential decree turning the Hagia Sophia back into a mosque and opening it as a place of prayer and worship.

What was the Hagia Sophia in the past?

Built from 532 to 537, by the Eastern Roman emperor Justinian, Hagia Sophia was for centuries the principal cathedral of Eastern Christianity; after the Ottoman conquest, in 1453, it served as the central mosque of imperial Istanbul.

What was Justinian’s greatest accomplishment?

Accomplishments in Byzantium The riots were put down, and Justinian set about rebuilding the city on a grander scale. His greatest accomplishment was the Hagia Sophia, the most important church of the city. The Hagia Sophia was a staggering work of Byzantine architecture, intended to awe all who set foot in the church.

Are there Christians in Turkey?

There is ethnic Turkish Protestant Christian community in Turkey which number about 7,000–8,000 adherents most of them came from Muslim Turkish background. Today the Christian population of Turkey is estimated at around 200,000- 320,000 Christians.

Are there Catholic churches in Turkey?

In the 2000s, there are around 35,000 Catholics, constituting 0.05% of the population. The faithful follow the Latin, Byzantine, Armenian and Chaldean Rite. Turkey’s Catholics are concentrated in Istanbul.

What is the history of Aya Sophia?

Built between 532 and 537, Hagia Sophia (Holy Wisdom, Ayasofya) represents a brilliant moment in Byzantine architecture and art. It was the principal church of the Byzantine Empire in its capital, Constantinople (later Istanbul), and a mosque after the Ottoman Empire conquered the city in 1453.

When was the Hagia Sophia converted into a mosque?

Built 1,500 years ago as an Orthodox Christian cathedral, Hagia Sophia was converted into a mosque after the Ottoman conquest in 1453. In 1934 it became a museum and is now a Unesco World Heritage site.

Why is the Hagia Sophia a World Heritage Site?

The Hagia Sophia is part of the UNESCO World Heritage site in Istanbul. For almost a millennium after its construction, it was the largest cathedral in all of Christendom. It served as a center of religious, political, and artistic life for the Byzantine world and has provided us with many useful scholarly insights into the period.

Who was the Roman Emperor who built the Hagia Sophia?

Built by the eastern Roman emperor Justinian I as the Christian cathedral of Constantinople for the state church of the Roman Empire between 532 and 537, the church was then the world’s largest interior space and among the first to employ a fully pendentive dome.

Why did Erdogan want to convert the Hagia Sophia?

Observers believe that Erdogan’s plans for the conversion of the Hagia Sophia are closely connected with his attempts to score political points more than anything else and perhaps to drum up political support that he has seen diminishing following his loss in Istanbul’s municipal elections last year.