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What was the first French estate made up of?

What was the first French estate made up of?

clergy
Kingdom of France. France under the Ancien Régime (before the French Revolution) divided society into three estates: the First Estate (clergy); the Second Estate (nobility); and the Third Estate (commoners).

What was the First Estate was made up of?

the clergy
First Estate – The First Estate was made up of the clergy. These were people who worked for the church including priests, monks, bishops, and nuns. This was the smallest estate in terms of population. Second Estate – The Second Estate was the French nobility.

Who formed the First Estate of French society?

Clergy and nobility formed the first and second estates. Clergy and NOBILITY-These were the rich peoples who extracted taxes from the third estates.

Who made up the First Estate in France quizlet?

Terms in this set (33) The First Estate consisted of the Clergy. The Clergy lived wealthy lives and owned 10% of all the land in France. The Second Estate consisted of the Nobility of France. Richelieu and Louis XIV had crushed the nobles’ military power but given them other rights under strict royal control.

Who was the 1st Estate?

The First Estate was the clergy, who were people, including priests, who ran both the Catholic church and some aspects of the country. In addition to keeping registers of births, deaths and marriages, the clergy also had the power to levy a 10% tax known as the tithe.

Who made up the estate?

Estates-General, also called States General, French États-Généraux, in France of the pre-Revolution monarchy, the representative assembly of the three “estates,” or orders of the realm: the clergy (First Estate) and nobility (Second Estate)—which were privileged minorities—and the Third Estate, which represented the …

Who made up the First Estate quizlet?

What three groups made the three estates? Describe the First Estate. The Catholic clergy made up the first estate and owned 10% of the land. While the french church highest officials were wealthy and paid no tax to the royal government, the parish priests were as poor as the peasants.

Where was the first estate in the French Revolution?

The First Estate or clergy is on the left. Before the revolution, French society was divided into three estates or orders. The First Estate contained around 130,000 ordained members of the Catholic church: from archbishops and bishops down to parish priests, monks, friars and nuns. The First Estate occupied a prestigious place in the social order.

What was the population of the first estate?

The First Estate contained around 130,000 ordained members of the Catholic church: from archbishops and bishops down to parish priests, monks, friars and nuns. The First Estate occupied a prestigious place in the social order.

What was the society like during the French Revolution?

The vast majority of French citizens remained devoutly religious, however, by the late 18th century French society was thrumming with dissatisfaction and criticism of the organised church. Enlightenment writings and ideas questioned the basis of the church’s power.

Why was the first estate important in 18th century Europe?

The First Estate occupied a prestigious place in the social order. Belief in God, religion and the afterlife dominated late 18th century Europe, so for ordinary people the church and its clergy were the only avenues for understanding or accessing God and the afterlife.