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What is unique about the Antarctic Peninsula?

What is unique about the Antarctic Peninsula?

Antarctica is unique among the continents for being almost totally covered by glacier ice. The Transantarctic Mountains extend across the continent forming a convenient physical boundary to demarcate East Antarctica (or Greater Antarctica) from West Antarctica (or Lesser Antarctica).

What makes Antarctica so unique?

Antarctica is the only continent with no permanent human habitation. Antarctica is the fifth-largest continent in terms of total area. (It is larger than both Oceania and Europe.) Antarctica is a unique continent in that it does not have a native population.

What are the special features of the continent Antarctica?

Fast facts

  • Antarctica is the highest, driest, coldest and windiest continent on Earth.
  • Antarctica covers 14.2 million km² (5.5 million square miles)
  • The Antarctic ice sheet is the largest ice store on earth. Area: 5.4 million square mile (14 million kilometres) Mass: 7.2 million cubic miles (30 million cubic metres)

What forms the Antarctic Peninsula?

Antarctic Peninsula, also called Palmer Peninsula, Graham Land, or Tierra de O’Higgins, peninsula claimed by the United Kingdom, Chile, and Argentina. It forms an 800-mile (1,300-km) northward extension of Antarctica toward the southern tip of South America.

What was the name of the peninsula in Antarctica?

Antarctic Peninsula, also called Palmer Peninsula, Graham Land, or Tierra de O’Higgins, peninsula claimed by the United Kingdom, Chile, and Argentina.

What’s the weather like in the Antarctic Peninsula?

Climate of the Antarctic Peninsula is the mildest on the continent. Middle of summer (January) is the warmest time with averages of 1 to 2 °C (34-36 °C) and in June temperature drops to about -15…-20 °C (+5…-4 °F).

Which is the northernmost part of the continent of Antarctica?

Location of the Antarctic Peninsula within Antarctica. The Antarctic Peninsula, known as O’Higgins Land in Chile and Tierra de San Martin in Argentina, and originally as the Palmer Peninsula in the US and Graham Land in the United Kingdom, is the northernmost part of the mainland of Antarctica.

Are there any volcanoes on the Antarctic Peninsula?

The Scotia Arc is the island arc system that links the mountains of the Antarctic Peninsula to those of Tierra del Fuego . There are various volcanoes in the islands around the Antarctic Peninsula. This volcanism is related to extensional tectonics in Bransfield Rift to the west and Larsen Rift to the east.