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What is the relationship between volcanoes and plate boundaries?

What is the relationship between volcanoes and plate boundaries?

Sometimes, the plates collide with one another or move apart. Volcanoes are most common in these geologically active boundaries. The two types of plate boundaries that are most likely to produce volcanic activity are divergent plate boundaries and convergent plate boundaries.

Does the theory of plate tectonics explain where volcanoes are located?

The theory of plate tectonics explains most of the features of Earth’s surface. It explains why earthquakes, volcanoes and mountain ranges are where they are. It explains where to find some mineral resources. Plate tectonics is the key that unlocks many of the mysteries of our amazing planet.

What is the relation between plate boundaries and volcanic and earthquake activity?

Most volcanoes and earthquakes are caused by the motion and inter- action of Earth’s plates. here, Earth’s plates are in contact with one another and can slide beneath each other. The way Earth’s plates interact at boundaries is an important factor in the locations of earthquakes and volcanoes.

What is the relationship between the land formation and tectonic plates?

Each type of plate boundary generates distinct geologic processes and landforms. At divergent boundaries, plates separate, forming a narrow rift valley. Here, geysers spurt super-heated water, and magma, or molten rock, rises from the mantle and solidifies into basalt, forming new crust.

Volcanoes related to plate boundaries. Topographic maps reveal the locations of large earthquakes and indicate the boundaries of the 12 major tectonic plates. For example, the Pacific Plate is bounded by the earthquake zones of New Zealand, New Guinea, the Mariana Islands, Japan, Kamchatka, the Aleutian Islands, western North America,…

Which is an example of an intraplate volcano?

Mauna Loa and Kilauea in Hawaii are the classic examples of intraplate volcanoes. Such volcanoes can also be seismically active, particularly when volcanic structures are built up rapidly. The crust must respond to the extra load and relieves this stress through tectonic activity.

What happens to magma in a subduction volcano?

Subduction volcanoes. As an oceanic plate is subducted beneath a continental plate, seafloor sediments rich in water and carbon dioxide are carried beneath the overriding plate. These compounds may act as fluxes, reducing the melting temperature of magma.

Where are volcanoes most likely to be found?

Volcanoes are found in just a few areas of the world. Most lie close to the boundaries of tectonic plates. These are great slabs of rock that fit together like a jigsaw to make up Earth’s surface.