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In areas not served by road or rail, primary summer transportation is by all-terrain vehicle and primary winter transportation is by snowmobile, or “snow machine,” as it is commonly referred to in Alaska. Alaska has the highest percentage of people walking as their method of commute to work.
Today, the rail system in Alaska is still used to transport natural resources, freight and passengers. The train plays a critical role in delivering goods to people on the Railbelt. The railroad also serves the tourism industry by offering visitors scenic views and plenty of excursions as the travel through the state.
Tree composition changes with the prevailing climate across the state. In the Interior, principal species include white spruce, birch, and quaking aspen on uplands, black spruce and tamarack in forested wetlands, and balsam poplar within floodplains.
Rail and bus travel. Nearly all larger cities and boroughs across the state operate local bus systems, including Anchorage, Fairbanks, Juneau, Sitka, Ketchikan and Bethel. [dead link] While Greyhound does not operate in Alaska, there are numerous private bus companies in the state that offer regional bus service,…
In the Prince of Wales Island region of Southeast, the Inter-Island Ferry Authority also serves as an important marine link for many communities, and works in concert with the Alaska Marine Highway. Cruise ships are an increasingly popular way for tourists to see Alaska.
The state’s road system covers a relatively small area of the state, linking the central population centers and the Alaska Highway, the principal route out of the state through Canada. The state capital, Juneau, is not accessible by road, which has spurred several debates over the decades about moving the capital to a city on the road system.
The railroad plays a vital part in moving Alaska’s natural resources, such as coal and gravel, to ports in Anchorage, Whittier and Seward. The Alaska Railroad is one of the few remaining railroads in North America to use cabooses in regular service and offers one of the last flag stop routes in the country.