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What happened during the Columbian Exchange?

What happened during the Columbian Exchange?

Christopher Columbus introduced horses, sugar plants, and disease to the New World, while facilitating the introduction of New World commodities like sugar, tobacco, chocolate, and potatoes to the Old World. The process by which commodities, people, and diseases crossed the Atlantic is known as the Columbian Exchange.

Which of these was a result of the Columbian Exchange?

Answer: The primary positive effect of the Columbian exchange was the introduction of New World crops, such as potatoes and corn, to the Old World. The most significant negative effects were the transmission of African populations into slavery and the exchange of diseases between the Old and New World.

How did the Columbian Exchange affect the New World?

The Columbian Exchange: goods introduced by Europe, produced in New World. European rivals raced to create sugar plantations in the Americas and fought wars for control of production. Although refined sugar was available in the Old World, Europe’s harsher climate made sugarcane difficult to grow.

What foods did the Columbian Exchange bring to Europe?

Traders returned to Europe with maize, potatoes, and tomatoes, which became very important crops in Europe by the 18th century. The term was first used in 1972 by American historian Alfred W. Crosby in his environmental history book The Columbian Exchange. It was rapidly adopted by other historians and journalists and has become widely known.

Where did the Columbian Exchange of animals take place?

Initially, at least, the Columbian exchange of animals largely went through one route, from Europe to the New World, as the Eurasian regions had domesticated many more animals.

What did the Portuguese bring to India during the Columbian Exchange?

Introduced to India by the Portuguese, chili and potatoes from South America have become an integral part of their cuisine. Rice was another crop that became widely cultivated during the Columbian exchange. As the demand in the New World grew, so did the knowledge of how to cultivate it.