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What form of government was France before the Revolution of 1789?

What form of government was France before the Revolution of 1789?

absolute monarchy
France before 1789 was an absolute monarchy ruled by the Bourbons. This meant that the authority of the French Crown was not limited by any representative body, such as an elected parliament. The King was responsible only to God and answerable to no one on Earth. This system of government is also known as absolutism.

How was French society structured prior to the French Revolution?

Before the French Revolution, French society was structured on the relics of feudalism, in a system known as the Estates System. The first estate was the clergy, the second estate was the nobility and the third estate was the peasants.

What are the 3 main social classes of France just before the Revolution?

France under the Ancien Régime (before the French Revolution) divided society into three estates: the First Estate (clergy); the Second Estate (nobility); and the Third Estate (commoners). The king was considered part of no estate.

What steps did the French revolutionaries?

A new French flag, a tricolour replaced the royal standard. The Estates General was renamed the National Assembly and was elected by a group of active citizens. New hymns, oaths and martyrs commemorated in the name of the nation. A central administrative system made uniform laws for the entire nation.

What was the government like in France before the Revolution?

The way France (and most European countries) was governed in the eighteenth century was very different from democracy. We refer to France before the revolution as the “Old Order” or the “ Ancien Regime .” It was a rigid system and only to a certain class of people were privileged.

Why did the French Revolution start in 1789?

Many historians believe that it was a combination of social and political discontent, coupled with popular alternative ideas and economic problems which caused the revolution in France. People had endured the Ancien Regime for centuries. But it was the economic ruin of France which sparked the revolution.

How many constitutions did France have in 1789?

Between 1789-1858, France had 16 constitutions, one of which, ‘Acte Additionnel’ (1835), could remain in force for only 21 days. The Constitutions of the Third and the Fourth Republics did remain in operation for a number of years, but their working was always found to be unsatisfactory.

What was the social structure of France in the 18th century?

18th century of France, the third estate made up of the lower class of France had been oppressed and overtaxed, and received very little representation at the Estates General. The commoners of France wanted change and equality throughout France so they separated from the Estates General and formed their own government to govern France.