- What does Sierra Madre mean in Mexico?
- Why is Sierra Madre Oriental important to Mexico?
- Where are the Sierra Madre Oriental?
- Where is the Sierra Madre Occidental mountain range?
- How did the Sierra Madre mountains get its name?
- What is the average elevation of the Sierra Madre?
- What kind of rock is the Sierra Madre made of?
What does Sierra Madre mean in Mexico?
mother mountain range
The Spanish name sierra madre means “mother mountain range” in English, and occidental means “western”, these thus being the “Western mother mountain range”.
Why is Sierra Madre Oriental important to Mexico?
The Sierra Madre Oriental is well known for its dynamic ecosystems. Habitats in the north are characterized by a desert climate, influenced by the Chihuahuan Desert to the west. Rainfall increases to the south, creating a tropical forest environment at higher elevations.
Where are the Sierra Madre Oriental?
The Sierra Madre Oriental is located along the eastern edge of Mexico, starting in the very northern reaches of the state of Coahuila along the state’s border with Texas in the United States.
Where is the Sierra Madre Occidental mountain range?
The Sierra Madre Occidental is a major mountain range system of the North American Cordillera, that runs northwest–southeast through Northwestern and Western Mexico, and along the Gulf of California.
How did the Sierra Madre mountains get its name?
The name Sierra Madre means “Mother Mountains”. The range extends from near the Arizona border down to the Sierra Madre del Sur. The high plateau that is formed by the range is cut by deep river valleys. This plateau is formed from volcanic rock overlying a basement of metamorphic rock.
What is the average elevation of the Sierra Madre?
This plateau has an average elevation of 2,250 m (7,380 ft) with most of the more eroded canyons on the western slope, due to the higher moisture content. The highest elevations occur in the Tarahumara range.
What kind of rock is the Sierra Madre made of?
Geology. The Sierra Madre Occidental is a high plateau of volcanic rock that is eroded in areas to reveal a basement composed of plutonic and sedimentary rocks underlying the two groups of extrusive volcanics. The lower of these groups is a series of volcanic rocks formed by lava flows.