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How did European leaders respond to Islamic Expansion in the 700’s CE? They felt threatened by it and sought to stop it.
What do the three Abrahamic faiths—Christianity, Islam, and Judaism—have in common? All believe in an afterlife. All believe that Jesus was the messiah. All believe the Hadith is sacred.
What was the primary effect of cultural exchange between Europe and the Islamic world? Muslim goods and knowledge led to some advancements in European society.
In Jewish tradition Abraham became identified as the ‘first Jew’. He is depicted as the embodiment of the faithful Jew upholding God’s commandments. Traditionally, Jews see themselves as the descendants of Abraham through his son Isaac and Jacob, his grandson.
The main difference between the three Abrahamic religions is that most Christians believe in the Holy Trinity, that God is composed of three parts (Father, Son and Holy Spirit), but in Islam and Judaism there is only one god (similar to the ‘Father’) with no partner, son or equal.
Arabic language was the uniting factor that helped the Islamic Empire spread during the Abbasid dynasty. It was easier to communicate in one language and a singular religion, this helped in the spread of the empire.
How did European leaders respond to Islamic expansion in the 700s CE? (5 points) They initially rejected new religious leadership, but eventually embraced it. They were threatened by it and sought to stop it. They voted to give up certain lands to Islamic leaders. They initially embraced Islamic technological advances, but eventually rejected them.
At the beginning of this period, the European presence in the Islamic world was largely based on trade.
Earlier generations of European scholars believed that conversions to Islam were made at the point of the sword, and that conquered peoples were given the choice of conversion or death. It is now apparent that conversion by force, while not unknown in Muslim countries, was, in fact, rare.
Islamic expansion in South and East Asia fostered cosmopolitan and eclectic Muslim cultures in the Indian subcontinent, Malaysia, Indonesia and China. As of 2015, there were 1.6 billion Muslims, with one out of four people in the world being Muslim, making Islam the second-largest religion.