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How air pollution affects plants and animals?

How air pollution affects plants and animals?

How Does Air Pollution Kill Plants and Animals? Similar to humans, air pollution is a death warrant for plants and animals. Acid rain resulting from air pollution makes waters and soil more acidic, killing wildlife outright. Ozone shield depletion is said to exert an ‘indirect’ kill mechanism on plants and animals.

How can air pollution damage crops and trees?

Air pollution directly injures trees by damaging living tissue, primarily foliage, and impairs photosynthesis and the ability to respirate. Air pollutants also weaken trees, predisposing them to further damage by insects and disease.

How does pollution affect the crops?

The effects of air pollution on plants and animals may be measured by the following factors: (1) interference with enzyme systems; (2) change in cellular chemical constituents and physical structure; (3) retardation of growth and reduced production because of metabolic changes; (4) acute, immediate tissue degeneration.

How are animals affected by air pollution?

The pollution that human and nonhuman animals inhale accumulates in their tissues, causing damage to their organs that weakens their immune systems and makes them more vulnerable to many diseases. In the most egregious cases of air pollution, the health impacts that animals suffer are even visible to the naked eye.

What foods have been affected by pollution?

Exposures from meat, fish & dairy Some persistent pollutants accumulate in body tissues, of wild foods, meat, fish and dairy.  Trim away fat and skin to reduce contaminants.  Choose low-fat milk, cheese and other dairy.

How does pollution affect human food production?

Soil pollution has bad consequences: It impacts food security both by impairing plant metabolism and thus reducing crop yields, as well as by making crops unsafe for consumption by animals and humans.

Where does air pollution come from and how does it affect plants?

Air pollution comes from many sources such as the smoke stack in a factory, car exhaust, or off gassing from paint or producing plastic [1]. The effects of air pollution on plants are widely seen and damage all plants including our food crops and trees.

Which is the most harmful pollutant to plants?

One harmful pollutant that damages plants is acid rain. It is formed when water from the atmosphere is combined with sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides suspended in the air [3]. When this rain reaches earth’s surface, it causes damage to the soil, water, and plants.

Are there any plants that can tolerate air pollution?

Such plants that can tolerate poisonous gases and particulate matters are considered tolerant species. Scientists suggests that more and more such plants should be grown near the industries, factories and along the roadside to reduce air pollution.

How does water pollution affect the lower atmosphere?

SEE ALSO 50 Facts on Water Pollution you need to know! The lower atmosphere is also affected as the ozone molecule damages the plants by preventing the process of photosynthesis and obstructing stomata which restricts respiration and causes stunting of growth in plants.