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The rest of Ireland (6 counties) was to become Northern Ireland, which was still part of the United Kingdom although it had its own Parliament in Belfast. As in India, independence meant the partition of the country. Ireland became a republic in 1949 and Northern Ireland remains part of the United Kingdom.
The Northern Ireland border poll was a referendum held in Northern Ireland on 8 March 1973 on whether Northern Ireland should remain part of the United Kingdom or join with the Republic of Ireland to form a united Ireland. It was the first time that a major referendum had been held in any region of the United Kingdom.
In Ireland there are now no external forces enforcing the division, but for economic, social and political reasons the country as whole has agreed not to unite, at least not for the time being. As others have said, under the 1998 Good Friday Agreement, Irish unity requires a majority vote on both sides of the border.
It allows for a referendum on Irish unity if “at any time” it appears likely to the British Secretary of State “that a majority of those voting would express a wish that Northern Ireland should cease to be part of the United Kingdom and form part of a united Ireland.” The blueprint is already in place.
Brexit Has Revived the Prospect of a United Ireland. Could It Actually Happen? Brexit Has Revived the Prospect of a United Ireland. Could It Actually Happen? Sinn Fein activists protest at the Parliament Buildings on the Stormont Estate in Belfast on January 31, 2020 against Brexit and call for a border poll on Irish Unity.
Is it possible – yes. Under the Good Friday Agreement (GFA) their needs to be a border poll in both Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland and if the majority of BOTH countries are in favour, then Ireland can be reunited.